# Seminario del 15 Aprile 2014

## ULTraS: A Uniform Framework for Nondeterministic, Probabilistic, and Timed Process Models and Behavioral Equivalences

Labeled transition systems are typically used as behavioral models of concurrent processes. Their labeled transitions define a one-step state-to-state reachability relation. This model can be generalized by modifying the transition relation to associate a state reachability distribution with any pair consisting of a source state and a transition label.

The state reachability distribution is a function mapping each possible target state to a value that expresses the degree of one-step reachability of that state. Values are taken from a preordered set equipped with a minimum that denotes unreachability. By selecting suitable preordered sets, the resulting model, called ULTraS from Uniform Labeled Transition System, can be specialized to capture well-known models of fully nondeterministic processes (LTS), fully probabilistic processes (ADTMC), fully stochastic processes (ACTMC), nondeterministic and probabilistic (MDP) or nondeterministic and stochastic (CTMDP) processes, and timed processes (TA, PTA, MA).

This uniform treatment of different behavioral models extends to behavioral equivalences. They can be defined on ULTraS by relying on appropriate measure functions that express the degree of reachability of a set of states when performing multi-step computations. It is shown that the specializations of bisimulation, trace, and testing equivalences for the different classes of ULTraS coincide with the behavioral equivalences defined in the literature over traditional models except when nondeterminism and probability/stochasticity coexist; then new equivalences pop up.

### Relatore

Prof. Marco Bernardo - University of Urbino

### Docente di riferimento

Prof. Marco Bernardo

### Vincoli di partecipazione

Nessuno

### Date

Luogo | Data | Orario | Crediti (CFU) |
---|---|---|---|

Aula Turing | 15 Aprile 2014 | 16:00 | 0.125 |